What time is it? 4:20? 9:20! [article]
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What time is it? 4:20? 9:20! [article]
09-21-2016, 08:02 AM
Post: #1
What time is it? 4:20? 9:20! [article]
Jennifer Swann, @vicenews Wrote:Can 9/20 Become The 4/20 Of Magic Mushrooms?

When Nicholas Reville first learned that universities around the world had begun researching the medical benefits of psilocybin—the psychedelic compound found in mushrooms—he saw it as an opportunity to create a movement. He'd seen the success of medical marijuana activists in making cannabis a household name, and he began to wonder what it would take for mushrooms to earn the same cultural clout. He knew instinctively that marijuana had for decades built something that mushrooms still lacked: a good brand.

"It's hard to look at a clock that says 4:20, and no matter how hard you don't want to think about 4/20, you're going to think about 4/20," Reville told VICE. "It's actually a pretty great brand—and it's a brand that reminds you of itself frequently."

If psychedelic fungi were ever going to be taken seriously by the general population—as they have been recently by some scientists—Reville realized they, too, needed their own designated holiday. The result is 9/20, an educational "day of action" that will be celebrated for the second year in a row in cities across the globe on September 20.

Unlike marijuana, which is legal in some form in nearly half the US, psilocybin is still a Schedule I controlled substance, listed in the same category as heroin. But people like Reville say the real challenge with marketing mushrooms is how infrequently people take them.

"Even people for whom it's been transformative for their life, maybe haven't taken mushrooms in years, or maybe take it once a year," said Reville, who declined to talk about his own experience using mushrooms because he said it would detract from his advocacy. "So you don't have the same natural organic pressure and financial interest and social visibility that you have with marijuana, something that's used by some people multiple times a day, for many years."

Through his volunteer-run campaign 920 Coalition (the slogan: "mushrooms are medicine"), more than two-dozen organizations have signed up to host psychedelic-focused 9/20 events. In Dublin, for example, the Psychedelic Society of Ireland is holding a film screening in a park; in Mexico City, Students for a Sensible Drug Policy will present a talk at a cultural center; and in Brooklyn, Psymposia is throwing a psychedelic storytelling event at speakeasy. But because they're all hosted independently, there's not one clear goal.

Unlike 4/20, 9/20 events aren't intended as gatherings for people to get high together. Instead, they're mostly lectures, salons, or meetups that prioritize the goals of research and policy rather than the joys of tripping. The approach represents a reversal from the short-lived psychedelic movement of the 1960s, when LSD pioneer Timothy Leary famously told a gathering of hippies in Golden Gate Park to "turn on, tune in, drop out." The Harvard psychologist was among the first to study psychedelics in an academic setting—including in his project that used psilocybin to evaluate recidivism rates of prisoners—but the controversial research eventually cost him his career.

His son, Zach Leary, who speaks about psychedelics at events around the country, says attitudes about psilocybin have begun to change only within the last few years.

He points to formerly niche psychedelic events like Burning Man, which have since become a rite of passage not just for Burners, but for people like Paris Hilton and Elon Musk. Steve Jobs famously espoused the benefits of LSD, calling it one of the most important experiences of his life, and there have long been stories about Silicon Valley executives using micro-doses of LSD to enhance their creativity.

Zach Leary sees it as a cultural revolution that coincides with the broader push to end the drug war. "Because of the scientific research, it's given a lot of people permission to come out of the closet ," he told VICE.

One of those people is David Tripp, a professor in the liberal studies department at Antioch University in Los Angeles. He says he recently had a "psychedelic coming out experience" in an effort to be more transparent in both his personal and professional life, despite that some colleagues warned him it would be a death sentence for his career. (The psychedelics-focused philosophy course he teaches is still the only one he's ever had to get reviewed by the university lawyer, he said.) "People have a lot of fear around all of this, so there are a lot of ways to handling it, and one of those ways is to marginalize serious work around this stuff."

But the research being done at institutions like New York University, University of California, Los Angeles, and John Hopkins University has become a lightning rod for the psychedelic movement. For the first time in more than three decades, researchers are undertaking clinical trials to evaluate psilocybin as a treatment for anxiety, depression, and alcohol and smoking addiction, according to a feature in the New Yorker last year.

Related: This Is What It Feels Like to Treat Depression with Magic Mushrooms
Activists attribute the second wave of the psychedelic renaissance partly to the work of Rick Doblin, another Harvard alum who founded the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) in 1986. The nonprofit advocacy and research group has since funded and organized studies on MDMA and LSD-assisted psychotherapy. But because the organization doesn't receive for-profit investment or government funding, and clinical trials can run tens of millions of dollars, its efforts are limited. Prevailing stereotypes about psilocybin don't help either.

"Sometimes it's frustrating that because of the long stigma on psychedelics, people are often not willing to consider that they may also be valuable therapeutic tools for PTSD and anxiety medication," Brad Burge, a MAPS spokesperson, told VICE.

He says the 9/20 gatherings—even if they're mostly small gestures with no universal goals—are evidence of a shift in public dialogue. "Even in the 1960s when psychedelics were first entering into the Western cultural context, a lot of the events and public gatherings around them were really counter cultural," he said. But now, they're "thoroughly immersed in the mainstream."

Leary agrees, but he notes that dedicating September 20 to increase the awareness of mushrooms seems totally arbitrary. "The roots of 4/20, it's such a great urban legend," he said, referencing the often repeated lore that the misattributed police code for marijuana gained popularity in the parking lot of a Grateful Dead concert. "There's a part of that feels a little bit like, 'Oh, are we just branding it, creating a gimmick, for the sake of it?'"

If anything, September 20 references a good time of year to pick mushrooms. It also falls in the beginning of the school year, which is helpful for organizing events and generating interest on college campuses, according to Reville.

Tripp, who is speaking at a 9/20 event called "Value Mushrooms for Mushroom Values" in Los Angeles this week, welcomes the new momentum around psychedelics, even if he's not sure exactly what will come of it. "There's no one way to do this. There's no one strategy. We need all the craziness, and some of it no doubt will be harmful," he told VICE, describing the psychedelic movement as one big circus with enough room for doctors, researchers, academics, and the people who just want to get high and trip out for a couple of hours.

"So in that context, sure 9/20, why not?" he said. "It's part of the circus."

It's 5:00 9:20 somewhere... Acid


Is it voluntary? (because if it isn't, what inherently is it?)
And can it be voluntary, if there's indoctrination, intimidation, coercion, threats & initiation of violence?
[not to be confused with asking: can it be said to be "voluntary" even when such is present.?]
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08-02-2017, 10:36 AM
Post: #2
RE: What time is it? 4:20? 9:20! [article]
Did sum1 say "CIRCUS"?!
(nada, sumaNon1 said "CIRCA" --butti luv when mye worlds collide!) Acid
Author Zach Weissmueller Wrote:
Neuropsychopharmacologist David Nutt on Alcohol, LSD, and Getting Sacked for His Findings

The British psychiatrist and neuropsychopharmacologist David Nutt had reached arguably the pinnacle of his field as chairman of the government's Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. Then in 2009 he was summarily dismissed from his position. In May, Reason TV's Zach Weissmueller sat down with Nutt to discuss his sacking, and what he's learned from the psychedelic research he continues to do at Imperial College London.

Q: What happened that caused you to lose your job?

A: We did an enormous amount of research into the comparative harms of drugs, and I discovered, somewhat to my surprise, that alcohol was actually the most harmful drug in the U.K. I started explaining to the government, "Our drug laws are wrong. Putting people in prison for cannabis possession is not fair, because alcohol is more dangerous." They did not want to hear that.

Q: You just completed some research on LSD in conjunction with the Beckley Foundation. Tell me about that.

A: It's a fascinating drug. In the 1950s and '60s it was going to solve the world's problems. The National Institute of Health in America funded 140 separate studies. Then as soon as it started being used recreationally, it suddenly got banned. We decided it was time to bite the bullet and do the first brain imaging study of LSD.

Q: You were quite literally looking at, "This is your brain on drugs." What is our brain on this particular drug?

A: Our brains are trained over decades to do things exactly the same way every day, every hour, every minute, every second. Those structures we thought were hardwired, but it turns out they're not hardwired. They can be disrupted by LSD. We think that explains why afterwards, people often feel different, and better, because the brain's been allowed to work in a slightly different way for the first time.

Q: What is the application of that?

A: It helps us make sense of why drugs like LSD can change the way people behave in the long term. The founder of [Alcoholics Anonymous], Bill Wilson, became a profound enthusiast for LSD. It works. People are much less likely to relapse back to drinking after they've had a psychedelic experience, because they can see there's a world out there which isn't all about the bottle.

Q: Do your brain scans offer any clue as to why psychedelics seem to offer some relief to those with conditions like depression and PTSD?

A: Psychiatric disorders exist because people cannot disengage. Depressed people keep thinking negative thoughts: "I made a mistake. I was a bad person." People with PTSD can't disengage from the memory and over time, those circuits in the brain become completely self-determining. They just go on and on and on, even if the person wants to stop them. I think the disruption of circuits, the breaking down of these regimented silos of function of the brain by psychedelics, can help people escape from those underlying disorders.

Q: Some critics might think, "Why study psychedelics? We have pharmaceuticals that are designed to treat these disorders."

A: The truth is, half of all people who are treated with antidepressants don't respond to the first dose. There are people who never respond. Disorders like alcoholism—response rates are like 10 percent, not 80 percent. So there's a huge unmet need.

Q: Are there any policy changes that would enable us to proceed even more quickly?

A: Oh yes: We've got to change the regulations. These drugs are all stuck in what's called Schedule I under the U.N. Conventions. We've got to get them in a schedule that allows scientists to work with them without being treated as if they're criminals.

Q: How would you envision these types of drugs being integrated into health care?

A: These drugs are not drugs you take every day to hold at bay your depression or your anxiety. These are drugs you use with a psychotherapist to change the way you deal with life. So I see them as being enormously powerful ways of bringing psychotherapy and medicine together.

This interview has been condensed and edited for style and clarity. For a video version, visit reason.com.

sidebar: "getting sacked"... whut's dat signalling all abouts (origin'ally/etmyo'logic'ally)?!


Is it voluntary? (because if it isn't, what inherently is it?)
And can it be voluntary, if there's indoctrination, intimidation, coercion, threats & initiation of violence?
[not to be confused with asking: can it be said to be "voluntary" even when such is present.?]
Visit this user's website Find all posts by this user
Quote this message in a reply
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